Preventing basement flooding by sealing basement walls, installing overhead sewers, directing water away from the home with downspouts are a start and here are more suggestions and ideas.
Even a brand new house can have flooding in the basement. Water can enter through the sewer system or cracks in the foundation. Here are some tips on how to waterproof your basement.
April shower sometimes brings not only May flowers but flooded basements. Basement seepage, and the occasional basement flood, are common home problems and quirky ones: One house may be deluged with water in a basement yet a neighbor’s may stay bone dry, say officials. Even a new house can have basement water problems.
And for those homes with a finished basement, even a small amount of water can be extremely harmful, causing hundreds if not thousands of dollars in damage. Basement seepage and flooding can also cause health concerns (if rainwater mixes with sanitary sewer wastewater) or present a danger because of electrical shock.
Preventing Basement Flooding or leaking
Basements flood or leak because they’re below grade or partially underground.
There are two ways water gets into the basement (and some homes suffer from both). Here’s the first: water can come up through a floor drain (or the drain of a sink or a toilet). This is especially true in neighborhoods where municipalities combine sanitary and rainwater sewers systems.
When rainwater over inundates a sewer system via drain openings on the street, that water can backup into a home’s drainpipe. This can result in serious flooding, with several inches or several feet of water entering the basement through that floor drain.
Water can also enter basements through cracks in the foundation walls. This is seepage and because it’s mostly rainwater, it’s less of a sanitary concern than a sewer backup.
Remember, your insurance company will not cover flooding, but may cover some other water issues. Make sure you check your homeowner’s insurance policy now, well before you have any water damage.
Preventing Basement Flooding: Seepage
Seepage occurs when water collects on a sidewalk or driveway next to a basement foundation wall, or when the ground around a foundation wall becomes saturated with rainwater. Seepage is not as damaging as floor drains backing up but can still cause major damage to carpets, furniture, drywall and paneling in a basement.
Here is now to prevent water from getting in a basement.
For example, if water comes into a basement through a flood drain, a homeowner can install a standpipe.
Preventing Basement Flooding: Standpipes
A standpipe is a wide diameter pipe you insert into the floor drain. Once the below-ground water backs up into the drain, the water moves up into the standpipe, staying contained in that pipe versus entering the basement.
You either screw in or drop in the standpipes into the basement drain opening. In some cases, it may require a coupling available at most hardware or plumbing stores.
A homeowner must decide whether to leave a standpipe in year-round, where it could be in the way of walking path, or be around to place it in the floor drain in the event of a rainstorm.
Preventing Basement Flooding: Drain Plugs
Another possible remedy to drain openings is a drain plug. The plugs are set up to pop open again if there’s too much water pressure so that the floor doesn’t crack.
Another prevention method is a sewer or check valve, installed on the underground drainpipe that is connected to the basement floor drain.
There are manual and automatic valves. Basically, what they do is restrict the flow of the water so that it runs away from the house. Expect to pay anywhere from $2,500 to $6,000 to have one installed.
Preventing Basement Flooding: Overhead Sewer systems
Another solution is an overhead sewer. An overhead sewer is more costly but guarantees water will not back up into a basement. A system of this type can cost upwards of $10,000. It especially makes sense if the basement is finished and has a bathroom.
With this system, basement sewage is collected in a tank and then pumped out by a motorized ejector pump; then through an overhead pipe that prevents any backup.
Preventing Basement Flooding: Gutters and downspouts
Homeowners should also check to make sure their home’s downspouts are not tied into their drainpipe. If the downspouts travel down into the ground, there’s a good chance they’re connected to the underground drain pipe. The solution here is disconnecting the downspouts from the drainpipe. Start by cutting a downspout about a foot above where it enters the ground. Install an elbow connector at the cut, and then add an extension pipe to the elbow. This repair will allow the water from the downspout to move away from the house.
Remember not to point the pipe so that it floods your neighbor’s driveway or yard.
Preventing Basement Flooding: Sealing the Basement Walls
There’s a couple of ways to address seepage coming in through cracks in the walls and floors of the basement. The most common is to have the walls and floor sealed, preferably from the outside and the inside. If you hire a company to do that, carefully check them out. Expect to pay several thousand dollars to have the basement sealed.
A homeowner can also opt for the less expensive method of sealing from the inside. It’s an easy job for the do-it-yourselfer. This requires cleaning the basement walls, and then filling any large cracks with hydraulic cement. Then, you can apply a coat of waterproof sealing paint to the interior foundation wall.
by Jim Sulski